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Gazal :

The Ghazal is mainly a poetic form than a musical form, but it is more song-like than the thumri. The Ghazal is described as the “pride of Urdu poetry”. The Ghazal originated in Iran in the 10th Century AD. It grew out of the Persian qasida, a poem written in praise of a king, a benefactor or a nobleman. The Ghazal never exceeds 12 shers (couplets) and on an average, Ghazals usually have about 7 Shers. The Ghazal found an opportunity to grow and develop in India around 12th Century AD when the Mughal influences came to India, and Persian gave way to Urdu as the language of poetry and literature. Even though Ghazal began with Amir Khusro in northern India, Deccan in the south was its home in the early stages. It developed and evolved in the courts of Golconda and Bijapur under the patronage of Muslim rulers. The 18th and 19th centuries are regarded as the golden period of the Ghazal with Delhi and Lucknow being its main centre.

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