A wooden or metallic surface of the resonator of musical instru ments, especially tata, that is those technically known as chordo-phones.
A highly processed and generative arrangement of beats' in a certain tempo expected to provide an unvarying time-cycle for me lodic as well as rhythmic elaboration*.
A specialist person engaged in keeping rhythm through the actions of hands and fingers in a prescribed manner.
or taal Normally understood as the fast-paced musical and melodic elabo rations in Indian music, vocal as well as instrumental.
A genre of vocal music which combines the features of tappa and khayal.
A compositional genre in Hindustani vocal music reportedly inspired by the camel-drivers' songs in Punjab and adjoining areas.
Usually refers to the highness of pitch. It also means a string, especially of metal.
Sympathetic string in instruments such as sitar.
A vocal genre in art music consisting chiefly of meaningless syllables.
According to Indian classification of instruments the class which produces sound through vibrating strings. Technically, instruments of the class are known as chordophones.
In the early tradition, meaningless sounds—tenashabda—were regarded auspicious and used in composing music.
A style of playing membranophonic instruments such as pakhawaj with open palms.
The basic composition for rhythm instruments such as tabla. It concretizes the otherwise abstract entity of tala.
A phase in melodic metallic elaboration on instruments such as sitar. In it, strokes on the wooden or the metallic body of the instru ment play a significant role in shaping the elaborated musical idea.
An important form of 'light-classical' vocal music mainly char acterized by the freedom it takes from the tala and raga rules in art music, as also by its depiction of various moods associated with the sentiment of love.
Repeating a phrase, etc., thrice for artistic effect in melodic as well as rhythmic music.
A composition in rhythm-music consisting of three different tempi, that is, tempo-changes or variations within a single piece, especially for tabla
Pitchwise, the highest state of two notes that is, madhyama and nishad in the accepted gamut is described as tivra. Its literal meaning is 'sharp'.
In the early tradition of microtonal intervals, notes higher than the tivra were known as tivratara.
A genre in the music composed for tabla and sitar
Section of a composition as in dhrupad, etc.