Broadly means a song. In the earlier musicological literature, however, the term referred to the textual part of a musical compo sition as contrasted with the melodic and rhythmic aspects.
A type of rhythmic composition on tabla, etc., consisting of five successive sections each set in a different tempo.
A major composition-type in the rhythm-music composed for pakhaivaj. It is of many kinds and an ability to extensively elaborate a paran is recognized as a criterion for judging a player
Variation in the tempo of notes, rhythms, etc., in arithmetical units such as double, treble, and so on of the original tempo.
Onomatopoetic sound-syllables employed to identify 'notional' alphabets of various instruments. For example, in tabla, tirkid, dha, ta, na; in pakhawaj, dhingad, gadigan, dhin dhin; or in sitar, da da, dir, dir, etc., are so identified. These and such other 'letters' are obviously expected to give us some idea of the tonal colour produced by instruments under discussion
An important genre of rhythm-music in tabla-solo. It is usually played in the initial stages of the concert and consists of select, major sound-syllables composed to provide a basic pattern afford ing scope for the elaboration of rhythmic ideas.
Musical composition or genre. It is a generic term indicating methodical arrangement of musical components such as melody, rhythm, words, poetry, metre, etc. The contemporary term bandish is a useful equivalent.