The term meaning 'middle' or 'medium' is used to describe the tempo, a section of compositions, a pitch-range, etc., situated be tween the low and high or between the slow and fast, etc.
A low note or range of notes.
It refers to the middle section of compositions and means 'positioned in the middle'.
The ancient sacred music in India, it was in contrast to the deshi, the more regional and mundane kind of music prevalent in the land. The classification became redundant after the medieval period.
School of thought. A comprehensive philosophy of music govern ing nature, use and codification of a considerable number of impor tant musical features. This term may be taken as a precursor to the contemporary concept of gharana
Usually means 'beaf, but it is more correctly translated as measurement, the basic minimal unit for measuring and dividing the flow of musical time which determines the tempo of music. This, in him, leads to the fundamental phenomenon of musical rhythm.
Continuous movement from higher to lower notes in (melodic) musical progression. Regarded to be an important musical embel lishment. Instruments such as harmonium are criticized because it is not possible to execute this embellishment on them.
An early term synonymous with that in art music. It is the fundamental, generative arrangement of notes both in aroha and avaroha. The arrangement functions as the parent scale from which raga is generated. The mela system came in vogue to replace the murchhana-system around the fifteenth-sixteenth century. Each mela was named after the important raga it generated and such a raga was called melakarta.
The term means 'mixed' and it is used to indicate melody, etc., partaking features of more than one raga.
A short composition played to precede the first beat of the tala-cycle introduced on tabla, etc.
Informative textual part of a musical composition consisting of the name of the composer.
In composition-texts, it is the melodic-textual phrase repeated after every completed statement of a musical idea. In tabla and other such instruments, it indicates a short composition played before the sam, that is, the first beat of the tala-cycle.
The ancient mode of extending available tonal frameworks by commencing ascents and descents, ranging over seven notes, everytime from a new note. This mode gave way to the mela or that system around the sixteenth century.
A musical embellishment consisting of a small number of notes executed in fast tempo but with tenderness and delicacy. It is mainly used in the 'lighter' forms of music and music-making.